1 National Animal Health Monitoring System. Salmonella and Campylobacter on U.S. dairy operations, 1996-2007. APHIS Info Sheet, July 2009, #N562.0709.
2 National Animal Health Monitoring System. Salmonella in United States feedlots. (Feedlot ‘99) APHIS Info Sheet, October 2001, #N346.1001.
3 Hermesch DR, Thomson DU, Loneragan GH, Renter DR, White BJ. Effects of a commercially available vaccine against Salmonella enterica serotype Newport on milk production, somatic cell count, and shedding of Salmonella organisms in female dairy cattle with no clinical signs of salmonellosis. AJVR 2008;69(9):1229-1234.
4 Cummings KJ, Warnick LD, Alexander KA, et al. The duration of fecal Salmonella shedding following clinical disease among dairy cattle in the northeastern USA. Preventive Vet Med 2009; 92:134-139.
5 Mohler VL, Izzo MM, House JK. Salmonella in calves. Vet Clin Food Anim 2009; 25:37-54.
6 Clark S, Thacker L. (2004). Salmonella newport - an emerging disease in dairy cattle. Purdue Newsletters 2004; http://www.addl.purdue.edu/newsletters/2004/summer/salmnewp.htm, accessed June 2011.
7 Cummings KJ, Warnick LD, Alexander KA, et al. The incidence of salmonellosis among dairy herds in the northeastern United States. J Dairy Sci 2009; 92:3766-3774.
8 Brad Smith personal communications
9 Bertoldo J. Salmonella – A very successful opportunist. Cornell University AgFocus 2006; http://www.nwnyteam.org/AgFocus2006/Jan/AgFoc0106Salmonella.htm, accessed June 2011.
10 Data on file, Epitopix, LLC. Study Report No. N-0005-136-142, Pfizer Inc..
11 Loneragan, GH, et al. Salmonella in Cull Dairy Cattle of the Texas High Plains. 89th Annual Meeting of the Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases, Dec. 7-9, 2008, Chicago, Ill.